Digital Media

  • Basic citation for a freely available Website. If a website doesn’t list all of this information, just skip what you can’t find and move on to the next component.

    Generic Format:  This is the basic format of a website citation. If you cannot find all of this information for a given site or it is not provided, just omit it.

Website - with known author

Mabillard, Amanda. “Life in Shakespeare’s London.” Shakespeare Online, 29 Dec. 2011, Accessed 6 July 2016.

In-Text Citation

(Author last name)

Website - with no known author

"How to Teach Yourself Guitar." eHow, Demand Media, Accessed 24 June 2016.

In-Text Citation

(Shortened Title)
(“How to Teach”)


Kunka, Andrew. “Re: Modernist Literature.” Received by John Watts, 15 Nov. 2000.

In-Text Citation

(Author last name of email)

Blog Post

Ferlazzo, Larry. “New Resources on Race and Racism.” Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day, 1 Dec. 2019, Accessed 5 Dec. 2019.

In-Text Citation

(Author last name or screen name)

Mircoblog (Twitter, tumblr, etc.)

@hehslibrary. “Show your SUMMER READING GRIT by entering our contest! Sign-up is EZ; just go to for more info. Winners get prizes!” Twitter, 22 Aug. 2017, 9:22 a.m., Accessed 24 Sep. 2017.

In-Text Citation

(Twitter handle or author’s screen name)

Audio (Podcast)

“The Revolution Starts at Noon.” This American Life, episode 608, WBEZ, 20 Jan. 2017, Accessed 2 May 2017.

In-Text Citation

(Author or Title/Shortened Title)
(“The Revolution Starts”)

Photograph or Illustration on the Internet

Vasquez, Gary A. “Photograph of Coach K with Team USA, NBC Olympics.” USA Today Sports, 5 Aug. 2016, Accessed 24 Apr. 2018.

In-Text Citation

(Author last name)

Film on DVD

The Giver. Directed by Phillip Noyce, The Weinstein Company and Anchor Bay Entertainment, 2014.

In-Text Citation

(Film name time frame)
(The Giver 01:15:15-01:20.03)

Online Platform/Database (Hulu, Netflix, etc.)

“Under the Gun.” Pretty Little Liars, season 4, episode 6, ABC Family, 16 July 2013. Hulu,

In-Text Citation

(Title/Shortened Title)
(“Under the Gun”)

Videos - television episode

"The One Where Chandler Can't Cry." Friends, created by Marta Kauffman, performance by Matthew Perry, season 6, episode 14, Warner Brothers, 2004.

In-Text Citation

(Title/Shortened Title time frame)
(“The One Where” 14:56-15:33)

YouTube Video

Sethi, Ramit. "How to Write a Winning Resume, With Ramit Sethi." YouTube, 23 June 2015, Accessed 28 June 2016.

In-Text Citation

(Author/Performer last name)